What is CBD
CBD (cannabidiol) is one of over 100 cannabinoid chemical compounds found in both hemp and marijuana cannabis plants. CBD is non psychoactive, unlike THC which is the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. CBD may have pain relieving properties along with other potential health benefits, however the FDA has not approved the substance for treatments of any health conditions.
Is CBD Legal
Industrial Hemp derived CBD with 0.3% or less THC is legal in the United States according to the December 2018 Farm Bill (see next section on the Farm Bill for some grey areas in legality). The market for CBD based ingestible oils, topicals, edibles, and smokeables is growing rapidly. CBD products can be found easily online, which ship to all 50 states. They are also rapidly becoming available in stores across the U.S. Producers and consumers should be aware that regulations on CBD could change in the future, and that the FDA plays a role in regulation.
CBD and the 2018 Farm Bill
In December of 2018 the Farm Bill was passed, legalizing Industrial Hemp derived CBD products for sale. Products must be hemp derived, not marijuana plant derived, and contain 0.3% or less THC.
There is some grey area with the FDA and the 2018 Farm Bill. The FDA has not approved CBD for topical or ingestible use in products. Currently the FDA does not seem to have issues with products if they do not claim to cure health ailments. Therefore you will see an FDA disclaimer on most websites that offer CBD products.
CBD Product Labeling
Many products containing CBD are avoiding usage of the term CBD in marketing and labeling. Instead you will see terms such as; Full Spectrum Hemp Oil, Broad Spectrum Hemp Oil, and Full Spectrum Hemp Extract. There is some concern that with recent approvals of CBD based medical drugs that labeling laws may change. In general, a product that lists Full Spectrum Hemp Oil or Extract contains CBD.
Does CBD Have Health Benefits
Potentially yes, but again, an FDA disclaimer is required. There have not been many human based trials with CBD since it was categorized recently as an illegal drug on a Federal basis. CBD shoppers should consult medical professionals, do online research, and read reviews from reputable sites to make their own determination if using CBD is right for them. In addition, third party lab tested products are recommended to ensure quality, consistency, and claimed CBD levels in products are as stated.
What is the FDA Disclaimer on CBD Product Websites
The disclaimers seen on websites offering CBD products will typically look like this: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease or ailment. ‘We’ assumes no responsibility for the improper use of these products. We recommend consulting with a qualified medical doctor or physician when preparing a treatment plan for any and all diseases or ailments. ‘We’ do not make any health claims about our products and recommend consulting with a qualified medical doctor or physician prior to consuming our products.
What Amount of CBD is in CBD Products
Ingestible CBD Oils generally contain from 100mg-5000mg per ounce, with the latter higher milligrams, seen as very high strength.
CBD Topical products will generally contain anywhere from 25mg-1000mg of CBD, for products ranging between 1-4 ounces.
Pet CBD ingestible oils generally contain from 50mg-1500mg of CBD per ounce. Higher level concentrates are typically marketed for use with large dogs and horses.
There are no set guidelines on CBD levels in products, and users should start with lower level products to see how they work.
CBD and the Endocannabinoid System in Humans & Mammals
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a complex arrangement of cannabinoid receptors within the brain and nervous system of both humans and other mammals. Cannabinoid receptors regulate various functions of the body and are responsive to cannabinoids (CBD) found in hemp plants. The ECS affects many different body systems, including but not limited to sleep, appetite, mood, pain, and memory. This relationship is what may be responsible for potential benefits of using CBD, including reduction of pain, and a calming sensation.